Wildlife India

The wildlife of India is a mix of species of number of different types of organism. The region's rich and diverse wildlife is preserved in 89 national parks, 13 Bio reserves and 400+ wildlife sanctuaries across the country.Since India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal species, wildlife management in the country is essential to preserve these species.According to one study, India along with 17 mega diverse countries is home to about 60-70% of the world's biodiversity.

Chandoli National Park:

Chundolli National Park an 317.67 km² Indian National Park, established in May 2004, [2] earlier a Wildlife Sanctuary declared in 1985, is located near the Chandoli Dam between longitudes 73°40′ E and 73°53′ E and latitudes 17°03′N and 17°20′N near Sangli in Western.


The historical places of the park include the 17th century Prachitgad and Bhairavgad forts of the Maratha kings Shivaji Maharaj and his son Sambhaji Maharaj. Ruins of the Bhavani temples palatial buildings in Prachitigad and Kalavantin vihir depict the ancient glory of the Maratha Empire. Most of the protected area was used an open jail for the “prisoners of war” of the early Imperial Maratha Conquests during Shivaji Maharaj’s rule. Sambhaji Maharaj used Prachitgad as an observation point and recreational place.

The park spreads along the crest of the Sahyadri Range of the Western Ghats. It forms and protects many perennial water channels, water holes and the Vasant Sagar Reservoir. Altitude of the park ranges from 589 m to 1,044 m. The park receives its water supply from the Warna river and reservoir as well as several other small streams and rivers.

Flat topped mountains, rocky, lateritic plateaus called ‘Saddas’, almost devoid of vegetation, large boulders and caves are distinctive to the protected areas in the Sahyadri region of the Western Ghats.

Flora: The forest types seen here are a mix of western tropical hill forests, west coast semi-evergreen forests and southern moist mixed deciduous forests. In the dwarf evergreen forests, tree species commonly seen are the ironwood tree or anjani Memecylon umbellatum, jamun (Syzygium cumini), pisa Actinodaphne angustifolia, fig Ficus glomerata, Olea diocia, spinous kino tree or katak Bridelia retusa, nana Lagerstroemia lanceolata, kinjal Terminalia paniculata, kokum tree Garcinia indica and false kelat or phanasi Carallia brachiat. Other trees dominating the landscape include Indian laurel or asan wood or ain Terminalia tomentosa, Indian gooseberry or amla Emblica officinalis, devil fig or umbar Ficus hispida and chebulic myrobalan or harra Terminalia chebula.

Grasses commonly seen here include bangala Andropogon sp., golden beard grass or dongari Chrysopogon fulvus, black spear grass, tangle grass or kalikusli Heteropogon contortus, buffel grass or anjan grass Cenchrus ciliaris, grader grass, kangaroo grass or karad Themeda quadrivalvis and grasses belonging to Poaceae family, like saphet-kusli Aristida funiculata. Insectivorous plant species like Drosera and Utricularia sp. are also found in this protected area.

Fauna: Nearly 23 species of mammals, 122 species of birds, 20 species of amphibians and reptiles are known to be resident in the forests of Chandoli. Tigers (Panthera tigris), Indian bison or gaur Bos gaurus, sambar Cervus unicolor, leopard cats Prionailurus bengalensis, sloth bears Melursus ursinus and Indian giant squirrels Ratufa indica are quite conspicuous here. Many species of ungulates like barking deer Muntiacus muntjak, mouse deer Moschiola meminna and blackbuck Antilope cervicapra are also present. A census carried out in 2002 by the Forest Department showed a rise in the number of tigers, leopards Panthera pardus, gaur, barking deer, mouse deer, sloth bears and blackbuck. A similar census carried out in 2004 showed a rise in gaur population in the Kohlapur Wildlife Division from 88 to 243.

Visitor Information: Scenic places like Kandhardoh and Kandhardoh Falls, Tanali falls and Vasant Sagar Reservoir are places of tourist importance in the park. Scenic points like Kokna darshan, Zolambi sada and the virgin forest of Rundiv add to the recreation value.

Best time to visit is October to February. June to September have heavy rainfall (over 3500 mm)

How to reach Chandoli:

Mumbai – 380 km

Pune – 210 km

Sangli – 75 km

Kolhapur – 80 km

Bangalore – 720 km